Over 2 billion people
live in countries experiencing high water scarcity
700 million people
are at risk of being displaced by intense water scarcity by 2030
Unsafe water, and poor sanitation and hygiene kill an estimated 1.7 million people annually
particularly as a result of diarrhoeal disease

In Water and Sanitation, UMR’s approach prioritizes the remote, rural, and/or chronically vulnerable.

UMR’s WASH program efforts are guided by the recommendations of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (UNICEF/WHO JMP) to eliminate inequalities in WASH coverage and “leave no one behind”. For example, the JMP highlights that [although] the proportion of the global population practicing open defecation decreased from 20 per cent to 12 per cent between 2000 and 2015, much remains to be done, especially in rural areas, where open defecation has been declining at a rate of just 0.7 percentage points per year. The JMP recommended that this rate would need to more than double in order to eliminate open defecation in rural areas by 2030.

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